Giovanni da Verrazzano, commissioned by the King of France, sailed
to the New World, and into what is now New York Harbor; probably accompanied
by Jacques Cartier
sailing to the New World on the Halve Maen, Henry Hudson explored
the mighty river that would later be named for him. Samuel de Champlain
explored the northeastern region of the area now called New York and
discovered his namesake, Lake Champlain.
first Dutch settlement was established; for 40 years the Dutch ruled
over the colony of New Netherland.
British army conquered the colony of New Netherland, which was then
re-named New York, in honor of the Duke of York.
French and Indian War, a fierce contest to gain control of the New
World, changed the course of history. The British and American colonists
fought against the French and Canadians, with Native American allies
on both sides. By uniting the colonies and building their military
strength and confidence, this war set the stage for the American Revolution.
York City hosted the first Colonial Congress, a conference called
to discuss the King of England's Stamp Act.
Revolutionary War. On May 10, 1775, Ethan Allen, Benedict Arnold and
83 Green Mountain Boys surprised the sleeping British
garrison at Fort Ticonderoga and took the fort called the Key to a
Continent without firing a shot. This was the first American victory
of the Revolutionary War.
serving as a colony of Great Britain for over a century, New York
declared its independence on July 9, becoming one of the original
13 states of the Federal Union.
York's first constitution was adopted on April 20. George Clinton
was elected as New Yorks first Governor in June. On October
17, the Americans defeated the British at the Battle of Saratoga,
one of the decisive battles of the world. This victory marked the
turning point of the Revolution, leading to the Americans alliance
with the French and eventual victory.
Tree Treaty with the Senecas provided clear title for the developmentof
land and settlements in Western New York
LeRoy's first settler, Charles Wilbur from Rhode Island arrived
November 25, the last British troops evacuated New York City, which
had been occupied by the British since September 1776. This was the
last British military position in the US. After they departed, US
General George Washington entered the city in triumph to the cheers
of New Yorkers.
York City became the first capital of the United States. In 1789,
it was the site of George Washington's inauguration as the first US
President; it remained the nation's capital until 1790.
New York Stock Exchange was founded in New York City.
January, Albany became the capital of New York State.
first place of business was the Transit Storehouse which was built
of logs by James Brisbane
school within Genesee County was built (LeRoy)
First saw mill in Batavia was constructed
First settlement in what is now Oakfield was made on the site of an
ancient Indian Village
US Military Academy opened at West Point.
(March 30) Genesee County and Town of Batavia were established
First church service held west of the Genesee River was conducted
by the Episcopal Church in LeRoy
Courthouse built west of the Genesee River was constructed
Fulton's North River Steamboat traveled from New York to Albany. This
first voyage of significant distance made by a steamboat began a new
era in transportation.
First of seven public executions by hanging was conducted for murder
in Genesee County, with James McLean being the first for the murder
of William Orr and a Mr. McLaughlin.
Land Company sold it's Pre-Emption rights to the Seneca Reservation
to the Ogden Land Company
library in Genesee County was formed (Alexander)
Towns of Alexander, Bethany, LeRoy and Pembroke were formed
Town of Bergen was formed
Holland Land Office was built
Genesee's Town of Pavilion's first tavern opened
was built after the War of 1812 to protect the Genesee region
Eight springs were discovered in Town of Alabama having healing properties
and a health spa operated during the 19th century.The water was bottled
and shipped worldwide
Towns of Byron, Elba and Stafford were formed
Federal Censes list 19 males and 14 female salves in Genesee County
of Batavia was incorporated
Library Society was organized
Elba's first shoe and boot making business opened at Daws Corners
Erie Canal opened in 1825, linking the Hudson River to the Great Lakes
and leading to greater development in the western part of the state.
Gypsum was discovered in Genesee Town of Oakfield
Town of Alabama was formed
Genesee County Home and Infirmary came into existence and was ready
for use in 1827
William Morgan's disappearance fueled the anti-Masonic sentiments
throughout the Northeast
York outlawed slavery. At the forefront of the Underground Railroad
movement, New York had more anti-slavery organizations than any other
state and strong abolitionist leaders such as Harriet Tubman, Frederick
Douglass and John Brown. From the early 1800s until the end of the
Civil War in 1865, thousands of people passed through New York as
they traveled to freedom in Canada.
Samuel Parker, Seneca sachem, engineer and soldier was born near Indian
Falls (Pembroke). During the Civil War Parker was General Grant's
military secretary at Appomattox. The surrender documents are in Parker's
bank west of the Genesee River was the Bank of Genesee, later known
as the Genesee Trust which still functions in Batavia as part of the
public hanging in Genesee County was held on Nov 30. James Gray was
hung in front of a crowd in Batavia estimated to be 5000 strong. James
had been convicted of murder a local tavernkeeper, Samuel Davis, in
a dispute over the apprenticeship of Gray's son to Davis.
Town of Darien was formed
Villages of Alexander and LeRoy were incorporated
service began when the Tonawanda Railroad reached Bergen in Genesee
County. It was the farthest west the railroad had been built in New
Van Buren, born in Kinderhook, became the eighth President of the
LeRoy Female Seminary was founded and was chartered as Ingham University
in 1857, the first university for women in the United States
County Agricultural Society was formed and the first Genesee County
Fair was held in Alexander
for the second Courthouse for Genesee County began and was placed
on the National Register of Historic Landmarks in 1973
Towns of Oakfield and Pavilion were formed
Second ("Compromise") Treaty of Buffalo Creek was signed;
Tonawanda Senecas split from the rest of the Seneca Nation
Collegiate Seminary opened in Genesee Town of Oakfield
of carriages began in Genesee Town of Darien
Cady Stanton, Lucretia Mott, and more than 300 women and men gathered
in Seneca Falls, for the nation's first women's rights convention.
Fillmore, born in Cayuga County, became the 13th President of the
Richmond moved to Batavia and is credited for consolidating several
small railroads that stretched from Albany to Buffalo to form the
New York Central Railroad
Pottery produced mostly drain tile and flower pots also made glazed
wares which are valuable collectibles and on display in museums -
site was excavated in 1973 by Rochester Museum of Science. (Stafford)
at Tonawanda Reservation was signed
State of New York supplied almost one-sixth of all Union forces during
the Civil War, which began in 1861.
Town Clerk's Office was destroyed by a fire which swept away all of
the records of the town from it's organization to that time
Village of Corfu was incorporated
Construction for the New York State School for the Blind which was
established in part as a response to the needs of soldiers blinded
during the Civil War
Spring water was discovered in Genesee Town of Darien
Plow industry arrived in Batavia and by 1954, when it closed, it claimed
to be the oldest plow manufacturer in the United States
Village of Bergen was incorporated
Cheese factory in Town of Alexander was built and 272,000 pounds of
cheese was made the first year of operation.
Genesee County Pomona Grange began
Daily News was first printed
Roller Mills were constructed and operated by steam power in the Town
August 19 the last execution occurred in Genesee County. Charles Stockley
was hung for the murder of Batavia farmer John Welker.
Village of Oakfield was incorporated
Brooklyn Bridge, a wonder of design and engineering, opened. P.T.
Barnum led a parade of 21 elephants back and forth across the bridge,
to demonstrate its sturdiness to skeptics.
Between 1883 to 1900 there were 26 green- houses built in Genesee
Town of Corfu
Village of Elba was incorporated
Statue of Liberty, a gift from France to the United States in honor
of the Centennial of the American Declaration of Independence, was
dedicated on October 28 in New York Harbor.
Genesee Village of Bergen was incorporated
family started a dairy business (Batavia)
Richmond Memorial Library was presented to the people of Batavia by
Mrs. Dean Richmond in memory of her son
elected the first Prohibition Village President in Western New York
1892 and 1954, more than 12 million immigrants passed through Ellis
Island, an immigration facility that is now part of the Statue of
Liberty National Monument.
Salt Co. was incorporated in Genesee County
York Central engine "999" broke the world's speed record
on it's run between Batavia and Buffalo
free Rural Mail Delivery in New York State started in Town of Elba
communication began in Town of Darien
B. Wait sold his Jell-O formula to Orator T. Woodward for $450 in
Town of LeRoy.
The State Capitol at Albany was completed.
automobile operator's license was issued in Genesee county
President William McKinley was assassinated in Buffalo, Theodore Roosevelt
(born in New York City), was hurriedly sworn in as the 26th president
of the US. Not quite 43 years old, TR became the youngest president
in the nation's history.
York Citys first skyscraper was built: the 21-story Flatiron
building at 23rd Street and Fifth Avenue.
York Citys first subway line, called the IRT, opened.
August 26, the 19th Amendment to the US Constitution extended the
right to vote to women. After a long struggle, women could vote in
the fall elections, including the Presidential election.
Empire State Building and the Chrysler Building were completed, and
the George Washington Bridge opened, all adding to the New York City's
Placid hosted the Olympic Winter Games. The Whiteface Lake Placid
Olympic Center at the site features an Olympic Museum and Sports Complex.
D. Roosevelt, born near Hyde Park, became the 32nd President of the
World's Fair opened in New York City, corresponding to the 150th anniversary
of George Washingtons inauguration as first President of the
US. Many countries around the world participated; over 44 million
people attended over two seasons.
War II. Three WWII ships on display at the Buffalo/Erie County Naval
and Military Park include the Destroyer USS The Sullivans, named for
five brothers who lost their lives on November 13, 1942 following
the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal; the guided missile cruiser USS Little
Rock; and the submarine USS Croaker.
York City became the permanent headquarters of the United Nations.